Scars appear as a result of trauma and are usually associated with pain. However, while the physical pain goes away with the time, the discomfort and embarrassment of having to live with your scar often stay for the rest of your life. Before you start looking for ways to get rid of it, you should first find out what kind of scar you are dealing with, so you know how to best target it.
Here is a quick guide on the most common types of scars and how to treat them.
Keloid scars are often caused by injuries, when the body produces excess collagen in the affected area even after the wound has healed. In other words, they are a result of the aggressive healing process. While anyone can be at risk of getting a keloid scar, statistics show that they are more common on dark-skinned people.
Keloids can be easily treated through surgery. The application of silicone sheets and steroid injections can be an alternative solution to this type of scarring. If the keloid is not too severe, they can also be treated by applying liquid nitrogen on the affected area to facilitate the quick fading of the scar.
Contracture scars appear as a result of burns. This type of scars often tighten skin which can affect your movement and flexibility. If they go deeper, they might also cause further damage to your muscles and nerves. This is why, contracture scars must be treated as soon as possible.
The one solution that provides almost complete recovery is surgical excision, followed by skin grafting. However, this could take a number of repeated surgical interventions. Other options that can help remove or smoothen contracture scars include injection of dermal fibroblasts, scar removal creams, and laser treatments.
Hypertrophic scars look very similar to keloids, but they do not go past the boundary of the injury. They usually appear within 4 to 8 weeks after a wound infection or closure, and may often be itchy or painful.
Treatment of hypertrophic scars is also similar to the one of keloids. Applying silicone sheets to flatten the scar could be one of the solutions. Injections of steroids to reduce the inflammation is also a very common alternative.